An enterprise architecture approach to ESG


Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) challenges are a hot topic in boardrooms these times. 

It’s no shock. World-altering stories on the point out of weather transform are delivered with alarming regularity. Range and social inclusion misalignment, together with lax environmental values, are accelerating ‘the good resignation’. And getting the firm’s reaction improper to these challenges can have harmful effects on a brand’s image and popularity. 

In a lot of respects, addressing ESG problems is a no-brainer for organisations. There is a collective social require for a a lot more eco-helpful and socially sustainable approach to financial progress. Including to that previously crucial objective, there is a developing human body of evidence recognising the position played by ESG values in driving staff price propositions, monetary efficiency, prosperity, sustainability and in attracting expense.1,2,3

Transforming an organisation to produce on ESG ambitions, relatively than established-and-forget or ‘greenwashing’ them,* however, requires an effective and productive strategy, not to mention strategic nous and the potential to execute. A tried out and examined methodology that can aid execute ESG targets and convey their execution straight to the CIO’s door is enterprise architecture.

Business architecture for ESG

The term ‘enterprise architecture’ or ‘EA’ refers to a set of frameworks, methodologies and tools that can support an organisation map their enterprise system to their procedures, info property, ICT programs and engineering.4 Its worth lies in its skill to provide key organisational insights, making sure coherence involving enterprise objectives and the supporting small business capabilities and technologies expert services necessary to accomplish them. 

By knowing the underlying elements of a business enterprise – their inter-interactions, value-chains, alignment and abilities –  business architecture discovers and identifies misalignment between goals, ways and method, and is a wonderful setting up stage for utilizing company technique by means of electronic transformation.5

This means that enterprise architecture frameworks are properly positioned to help organisations in assessing their current ESG position, informing the prioritisation of digitally-enabled or evaluated ESG initiatives, and developing the tactical roadmap to attain an ESG eyesight.

Additionally, tested and demonstrated EA methodologies and practices will support mitigate linked dangers that end result from strategies that absence the maturity essential to guarantee alignment to organisational imperatives.

How to get started

Regardless of whether you want to meet up with Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions targets or make certain truthful trade sourcing in supply chains,  there will very likely be expected modifications to multiple things of your business procedures, supporting information devices, people and/or technological innovation. 

To succeed on this transformation journey, an business architecture tactic delivers an array of applications. For instance, heatmaps (charts that visualise which business functions, application units, or engineering elements are involved with a unique performance evaluate) can guide in picking priority places to deal with while price chain mapping can give insight into the ESG impression of conclusions concerning source chains.  

To commence, get to actually know your current point out by viewing your ESG goals via the numerous EA layers, or lenses, and then use this perception to map out what you want to do to attain your desired future state.


  • Organization – No matter if it is organisational HR procedures, a marketing approach or your procurement community, lots of organisational processes and features have to have to be assessed for their means to fulfill ESG objectives. Consider procurement for illustration, how do your suppliers’ ESG profiles match with your ESG ambitions? Do you need to redesign your offer chain?  Need to you evaluate your neighborhood and social effect when adopting a new enterprise model?


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  • Information systems – Will your info methods guidance the over organization approach improvements? A essential component of attaining any ESG purpose will be the details that your small business is gathering and building. Your approaches and aims will dictate the data you have to have to measure and take care of, but at the same time, the facts you presently have (or never have) can advise the targets established in the 1st place. For case in point, do you have data on your recycling procedures, the emissions getting created by your source partners or the percentage of good-trade sourcing in your offer chains? Can you appraise the environmental footprint of your transportation fleet?  And do you have the programs to seize and/or generate this details?


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  • Technology – Your organisation’s computing electricity, storage and telecommunications will need to be in a position to aid the over information devices and business abilities. Are the technologies currently in area suitable to run the new units you will will need? Mapping your technologies infrastructure will also support instantly recognize unique ESG ICT ambitions this sort of as transitioning to low carbon footprint info centres, optimising the use of your infrastructure, or reimagining the achievable details and computer processing tradeoffs that get you to your decreased-emissions intention.


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EA frameworks let organisations to go from eyesight to implementation across all organisational stages and areas, and then to circle back for constant refinements and improvements. A company with experienced company architecture procedures will also be much better put to reply to the evolving ESG landscape.

From alignment to transformation

Frequently, and in particular when looked at as a result of a holistic company architecture approach, attaining or reporting on particular ESG goals (or seizing on revolutionary new possibilities that ESG provides about) will not be attainable by way of isolated tech alterations, but in simple fact, need a a lot more holistic digital transformation. (You may have presently long gone by way of this in your COVID-19 pandemic reaction, but did you element ESG in when you did?)

An EA-supported ESG assessment will give an precise see of the costs and gains of an organisation’s general IT portfolio. Architecture lenses will then support to make the choices vital for ESG-relevant electronic expense and/or transformation.

For instance, the substantial electricity footprint of business enterprise IT programs is starting to be an increasing target of ESG problem.6,7 As a consequence, organisations are feeling substantial pressure to move to ‘clean-IT,’ optimising the trade-off among electrical power consumption and computational effectiveness, and incorporating algorithmic and computational efficiencies in IT solutions and models. 

Conference ESG long term states will likely have to have digitalisation and rising technologies this sort of as IoT, digital twins, large information, and AI. A lot of apps are currently out there in the market place to help sustainability administration and ESG reporting, including PwC’s ESG Pulse. There’s also increasing recognition inside the business environment of the great importance of integrating ESG into business resource planning (ERP) units as compliance and reporting demands create.8  

Staying away from code red

Organisations want to embrace ESG for their long-term prosperity. But to consider gain of ESG options and definitely make a variance (not to mention complying with potential reporting and regulation requirements)9 organisations need to have to embed ESG goals into their small business, data and engineering. 

EA offers nicely-established and tested practices/frameworks to allow strategic and aligned ESG transformations. The strategy can be instrumental to cascading an ESG eyesight all over the organisation, guaranteeing it is strategically embedded.

With an evolving ESG landscape, organisations should be equipped to react and adapt to changing specifications with agility and self confidence. A experienced company architecture technique can be the differentiating enabler to competitive edge – and to ensuring your organisation can help achieve a more sustainable society.


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